There are numerous types of disorders that categorize as anxiety disorders. These include: Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Panic Disorder, Selective Mutism, and Separation Anxiety Disorder. When symptoms of an anxiety disorder begin to interfere with life functioning in one or more areas, counseling is suggested to help learn skills and coping techniques to live a more fulfilling life.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD) are characterized as excessive worry about a variety of things (grades, relationships, family, and sports performance) and the individual may strive for perfectionism or be in need of approval from others.
- Panic Disorder (PD)
Panic Disorder (PD) is when an individual is suffering from unexpected and unanticipated panic, which happen suddenly and usually for no reason, with a fear of having another panic attack or losing control.
- Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is most common in children ages 7-9 and the child experiences excessive anxiety away from home or parents/guardians. There is often a fear of something bad happening to family members. Your child may not want to go to school, sleepovers, camp, and they may need someone to stay with them during bedtime.
More about separation anxiety:
Children typically experience separation anxiety when they are between the ages of 18 months and three years old. It is common during this time for your child to cry when first left at daycare or preschool. However, as a child grows, these symptoms typically disappear. If this is not the case, a SAD may be present.
- Social Anxiety Disorder:
Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized as fear of social situations, activities, and performance, such as being called on in front of the class or at a meeting. These individuals fear that others are judging them negatively, which leads to symptoms of fear and anxiety. These feelings often affect the individual’s ability to socialize and to perform in school or at work.
- Selective Mutism:
Selective Mutism is characterized as refusal to speak when talking is necessary or expected which interferes with school and/or making friends. Children with Selective Mutism may appear to have a flat affect and avoid eye contact. It is likely they are talkative at home or where they feel comfortable. It is not unusual for parents to be surprised to learn that their child does not speak during school.
- Specific Phobias:
Specific Phobias are characterized as a strong, irrational fear of an object or a situation. Common phobias for children include animals, bad weather storms, water, and the dark, and medical procedures. Often times they will avoid the thing or situation that they fear and develop feeling of anxiety that can look like tantrums, stomachaches, headaches, and crying. They do not recognize that the fear and irrational. In adults, an irrational fear may be developed towards animals, natural disasters, medical situations/blood, and/or specific situations (flying, heights).